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Traumatic Experiences and Dyslexia


Edited By Evelin Witruk and Dian Sari Utami

The main topics of the book are traumatic experiences, stress processing and dyslexia with some new perspectives on this old phenomenon. The authors of the book articles are from Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Morocco, Sudan, Iran, Spain, Syria, Portugal, and Germany. The interdisciplinary character of this book is represented in contributions of scientists from different areas of psychology, special education, and linguistics.

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Trauma after Accident: Case Study of Traffic Accident Survivors with Spinal Cord Injury in Indonesia


Abstract: Surviving from an accident or become witnesses of the accident was a terrible experience for everyone. Bad memories about the accident, the feeling that cannot receive physical disability after the accident, and avoiding feeling to go back again to drive are overshadowing the victims after discharged from the hospital. Four patients in an Orthopaedic Hospital in Surakarta, Indonesia were interviewed from first month after their accident. The aim of this study is to analyze the development of the psychological condition of the traffic accidents victims with spinal cord from the time the initial reaction of shock to trauma. Physical paralyzed in the lower part of the body develops anxiety, withdrawing from others, irritability, denial, and hopeless. This condition can be categorized as a reaction of shock after traffic accident and can lead to trauma. Several aspects have been explored in the interview, namely cognitive or belief, culture, educational background and social status. The results suggest the need for early screening of trauma after the accident to optimize for recovery and rehabilitation.

Keywords: trauma, traffic accident, traffic and transportation psychology

1 Introduction

Motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are a major cause of death and disability worldwide (Joseph et al., 2014). As many other countries may recognize that there are three main causes of traffic accidents, namely, human factors, vehicle factors, and road and environmental factors, Indonesia also has there. It is, however, true that non-human factors in Indonesia have a greater percentage as...

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