This book is dedicated to the life and work of Ignacy Łukasiewicz, Polish pharmacist whose world-renowned achievements include construction of the world’s first oil refinery and invention of the modern kerosene lamp. The authors also portray the history of the Galician oil industry and set it in the context of political, social and technological changes taking place in the 19th-century Central and Eastern Europe.
"The work adds substantially to existing scholarship in English. As the author of the only English-language academic monograph devoted to a general history of the Galician oil industry, I can attest that this manuscript adds significant and important information, details, depth of investigation that is not provided in my book or any other book. It therefore makes a novel contribution that will be very valuable to anyone looking for a truly detailed account of Ignacy Łukasiewicz’s contribution within the context of the Galician oil industry in general."
Alison Frank Johnson
Professor of History and of Germanic Languages and Literatures
Harvard University, Center for European Studies
"The authors sketch the profiles of two outstanding Poles, pioneers of the oil industry – Ignacy Łukasiewicz, MSc. in Pharmacy, and mining engineer and geologist Witold Zglenicki, called the Polish Nobel (...) This scientific work is an interesting and captivating read. It can be used not only by scientists and students, but also by everyone who is interested in industrial cultural heritage (...)."
Professor and Head of Department of Economic and Social History
Economic University in Kraków
Currency depends on your shipping address
- Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Warszawa, Wien, 2019. 298 pp., 12 fig. col., 21 fig. b/w.
- Title Page
- Copyright Page
- About the authors
- About the book
- Citability of the eBook
- I. The One Who Said Goodbye to the Candle
- In nostra terra
- From the temple of eternal fire to the Zglenicki platform
- Unwritten masterpieces
- And this is what Poland is
- From Kościuszko’s homeland
- Carnival in the colour of blood
- The conspirators from the Hotel near “Luftmaszyna”
- How can we doubt the good results…
- A manuscript under a lucky star
- Studies – the most urgent intention of all
- There will be no white spirit
- We distil!
- I need lamps for this and that – one of these and one of those
- II. The One Who Spurred the World
- Pharmacy and dreams of kerosene
- Entrepreneur and manager
- An employer from another era
- In the fight for the interests of the oil industry
- For the common good – political activity
- A good man – philanthropist and social activist
- Chorkówka – the charm of the Polish court
- The man in the stained apron
- Honours and distinctions
- The memory of Łukasiewicz
- Łukasiewicz – known unknown
- Father Ignacy is a model for modern generations
- Responsibility in business
- Energy policy and Łukasiewicz’s legacy
- III. Underwater Oil Pioneer – Witold Zglenicki
- The Heir, Witold Zglenicki
- 2,400,000 dollars in gold
- In the Mazovian manor house and Subcarpathian Bóbrka
- In Warsaw and St. Petersburg
- In the footsteps of Stanisław Staszic. Flights and falls
- The Assayist of Riga
- In Baku, where heaven and hell exist
- The Assayist Engineer
- Learning and working, not throwing a hat
- The inventor
- Desiderata – the key to the unnoticeable Aladdin’s cave
- And yet they will make the sea sleep
- 165 oil-producing fields, marine fields, platforms and breakwaters
- Fields according to Zglenicki
- The first maritime field, or when there are enough important matters on land
- Technology, science and art
- No happy ending
- A legacy “for everlasting times”
- Shafts in the Gulf of Ilyich Lenin
- And the oil is still pouring
- IV. The Power of Bóbrka
- Political and social life of the Austrian Partition until 1914
- The economy of Galicia until 1914
- Galician industry
- Subcarpathian petroleum mining
- Drilling, or the breakthrough
- From Canada and Pennsylvania
- Borysław fever
- Entering the 20th century. Innovation, patents and competition
- Geology or divining rod
- Eruptions, fires, landslides, groundwater
- The Subcarpathian refinery industry
- Factories of drilling machines and tools in Subcarpathia and Lesser Poland at the turn of the 20th century
- Austrian authorities vis-à-vis the Subcarpathian oil industry
- Societies and journals
- Professional vocational education
- MacGarvey and others
- Łukasiewicz’s heirs in the world
- Congresses and exhibitions
- Success in spite of obstacles
- List of Figures
- Index of Names
- Geographical Index
II. The One Who Spurred the World
Pharmacy and dreams of oil. Entrepreneur and manager. An employer from another era. In the fight for the interests of the oil industry. For the common good – political activity. A good man – philanthropist and social activist. Chorkówka – the charm of the Polish court. Honours and distinctions. The memory of Łukasiewicz. Łukasiewicz – known unknown. Father Ignacy is a model for modern generations. Teamwork. Energy policy and Łukasiewicz’s legacy.
Pharmacy and dreams of kerosene
The surroundings of the town of Gorlice at the foot of the Carpathian Mountains were known for oil leaks, which local landowners also tried to use, especially when the novelty of the oil lamp spread across the country and hopes for using oil for lighting purposes increased. One of the most active in this field was Prince Stanisław Jabłonowski, who in the so-called Empty Forest was engaged in obtaining asphalt from rock oil. He even proposed to Łukasiewicz the establishment of a company, but this one did not come to fruition141.
Initially, Łukasiewicz’s primary source of income in Gorlice became the pharmacy he leased, but at that time he also employed himself as a chemist, zoologist and botanist. He was an analyst and toxicologist. He studied the bodies of the dead and participated in the work of the Gorlice Forests Commission.
The work in the pharmacy not only gave Łukasiewicz a livelihood, but also brought him knowledge of people and their problems, the prevailing relations,...
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