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The Little Qanun of Ibn Sina

Little Model of the Great Qanun

Kadircan Hidir Keskinbora

Ibn Sina wrote many books on various scientific branches, many of which are on philosophy, religion, music, medicine, astronomy, physics, and natural sciences. Some sources state that the number of books he has written is over 240; 153 of these have been discovered. Among his valuable books, the two most well-known books are «al-Shifa», which deals mostly with philosophy, and the five-volume «al-Qānūn Fī al-Tibb», which is a complete medical encyclopedia. The Little Qanun is the model of «al-Qānūn». The idea of publishing this book struck the author’s mind when he thoroughly dealt with Avicenna’s views and thoughts. It is hard to imagine such discoveries were generated more than one thousand years ago.

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Preface by the BAU Rector


The scientist, mathematician, philosopher, and physician whose full name being “Ebu Ali el-Hüseyin ibni Abdullah Ibn Sina el-Buharî” and shortly known as “İbn Sina” was born in Afshana near Buhara in today’s Uzbekistan. He is known as “Avicenna” in Western sources and told to be as “Hâkim-i Tıb”, i.e., master physician. All we know about him has been related by one of his loyal students “Ebu Ubeyd el-Cüzcani”. He has recorded the life story told by “Ibn Sina” himself. Those who have told his life story have referred to this source.

As pointed out before “Ibn Sina” was born in Afshana, a village near Buhara, one of Horasan’s big cities. His father was from the city of Belh and came to Buhara during the rule of Nuh ibn Mansur. He worked in local administration and became the ruler of the village Hermisan. His parents were married in Afshana near Hermisan. They settled there and his mother gave birth to Ibn Sina. Later they moved to Buhara.

During his lifetime, i.e., towards the end of the 10th century, in “Maveraunnehr” region “Samanoğulları (Samanids)” a Muslim state came to power during the decline and collapse of the state of Abbasi. Later in this geographical area, “Karahanlı (Karakhanids)” and “Gazneli (Ghaznevids)” Turkish States were founded. In short, this region was a cultural river basin where Turks met the Islamic religion and therefore Arabic, so Turkish and Persian cultures and customs interacted upon...

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