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The Little Qanun of Ibn Sina

Little Model of the Great Qanun

Kadircan Hidir Keskinbora

Ibn Sina wrote many books on various scientific branches, many of which are on philosophy, religion, music, medicine, astronomy, physics, and natural sciences. Some sources state that the number of books he has written is over 240; 153 of these have been discovered. Among his valuable books, the two most well-known books are «al-Shifa», which deals mostly with philosophy, and the five-volume «al-Qānūn Fī al-Tibb», which is a complete medical encyclopedia. The Little Qanun is the model of «al-Qānūn». The idea of publishing this book struck the author’s mind when he thoroughly dealt with Avicenna’s views and thoughts. It is hard to imagine such discoveries were generated more than one thousand years ago.

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[37B] The sixth article

Extract



This article is about abdominal illnesses and their relations to food and nutrition.

There are 14 chapters.

Chapter one: Regarding stomach weaknesses

When the food is not digested properly, you have to look for the reason behind it. Is it from the stomach, or from mixing up food, or only from cold. If it is from cold, the cure will be only to keep it warm. To do this, crush and sieve a mixture of long pepper, ginger, oat bread, and Pistacia lentiscus, then mix it with filtered honey. The patient should take seven drachma with water, especially with cold water, dose after dose. He should also eat food cooked with bird meat.

If, in addition to the cold, the stomach is facing other symptoms, then the patient should eat a mixture of soup which is made of meat and a lot of dill mixed with water and marinated with honey, mustard, and radish; then wait for one hour till the food spreads around and cuts the sputum. After that, he can drink a lot of liquids from honey and vinegar, but with hot water; or can eat soup made of red beans, white salt, and dill with some drops of oil. The patient should eat this mixture and vomit till the stomach is cleaned; and when the stomach is cleaned, the previously prescribed paste should be taken. This will be enough for the patient, with the will of God....

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