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The Little Qanun of Ibn Sina

Little Model of the Great Qanun

Kadircan Hidir Keskinbora

Ibn Sina wrote many books on various scientific branches, many of which are on philosophy, religion, music, medicine, astronomy, physics, and natural sciences. Some sources state that the number of books he has written is over 240; 153 of these have been discovered. Among his valuable books, the two most well-known books are «al-Shifa», which deals mostly with philosophy, and the five-volume «al-Qānūn Fī al-Tibb», which is a complete medical encyclopedia. The Little Qanun is the model of «al-Qānūn». The idea of publishing this book struck the author’s mind when he thoroughly dealt with Avicenna’s views and thoughts. It is hard to imagine such discoveries were generated more than one thousand years ago.

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[47B] The ninth article


This article is about illnesses that occur on the skin related to drawing blood and hijamah.

Chapter one: Regarding hair diseases

When there is a disease in head hair and beard and moustache hair, the patient should clean his stomach by vomiting. Then he should examine his body to see if it is swollen with high pulse. In addition, if urine is red or dark yellow, then bleeding should take place till he feels better; and he should also use laxative seeds. He should eat pure white bread and avoid dairy products, fruit, autumn vegetables, and salty food. He should also abstain from any sexual activities. When blood symptoms are not visible, then there is no need for the bleeding, and the patient should continue with what we had advised previously.

When the lichen and the trichoschisis are spreading then the cure will be purifying the head and the body as we explained above. If there is dryness in the hair, then shaving will be enough along with washing the head with a mixture of hollyhock, borax, and terminalia leaves. To get rid of the lichen permanently, the patient should snuff every night if he is capable of doing it.

Chapter two: Regarding clearing the face from spots and freckles

When the spots and freckles increase in number, the cure will be bleeding. Yet if the body is swollen, the patient should drink a mixture of cooked Agaricus...

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