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Public Policy Analysis in Turkey

Past, Present and Future

Edited By Onur Kulaç, Elvettin Akman and Cenay Babaoğlu

This book presents a broad and comprehensive perspective on analysis of public policy in Turkey. Each of the twenty-six chapters presents historical development, legal background, actors, problems, and recommendations of different policies. The scope of this book is to fill the void in the literature with regards to the analyses of public policies in Turkey.

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12 International Migration Policy of Turkey

Extract

Pınar Savaş Yavuzçehre

12   International Migration Policy of Turkey

Introduction

Turkey has issued immigration laws and regulations and has been a member of international conventions and protocols in order to shape the immigration policy past to present. The process, which started in 1934, led to the change and diversification of domestic policies in this field due to the time and the process of membership to the European Union.

In the last 20 years, Turkey is not just a “migration-receiving” or “migration-sending” country but also a “transit country”. For foreigners, Turkey is a natural bridge connecting east and west by its geographical position. The most remarkable example of that is the remarkable increase in the number of foreigners arriving in country for various reasons. The number of foreigners entering into and exiting from Turkey is over 30 million while the number of foreigners residing in Turkey is over 400,000. Therefore, Turkey has put new regulations into force with the purpose of determining and implementing more efficient policies on migration. The most important of these regulations is Law No. 6458 on Foreigners and International Protection published in the Official Gazette dated 11.04.2013 and numbered 28615.

The purpose of the study is to examine Turkey’s international migration policy with the process approach model. Firstly, the definition of public policy, the analysis of the process approach model among public policy analysis models and the definition of international migration will be explained....

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