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Variability in Perspectives on Current Issues in Social Sciences

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Daniel Bešina

Social and human sciences are currently in a special position. On the one hand, they are subject to frequent doubts and mistrust while on the other hand, there is a view that the 21st century will be a century of social and human sciences, addressing their importance in solving key cultural and social issues of humanity.

In general, however, we can observe a decreasing interest in human and social sciences. The authors of the book believe that the rejection of the importance of human sciences is based on a fundamental misconception of facts. Society's education and culture is a prerequisite for the economic level of each country. Innovation is not only a matter of technical importance; it is equally important to understand human cultural behaviour in the broadest possible context.

This book presents studies in selected topics from social, human and historical sciences that demonstrate the relevance of the research in the area under consideration. The contributors to this book are researchers in the departments of Archaeology, Ethnology and Folklore, History, Culture and Tourism Management of Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra.

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Significant figures of the municipality of Pered during the interwar period

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Abstract: This chapter shows a view of some of the most significant figures of the municipality of Pered during the interwar period. Through the lifes of these people we can recognize the changes that happened in this period. First the end of Word War I, the disintegration of the Austro- Hungarian monarchy and the birth of Czechoslovakia. They were not only inhabitants of the village, but influential members of the local society, and helped to weave its social and economic fabric. This chapter aims to show more than just the typical life of a teacher, a miller, doctor, but also what is beyond. The main sources are archival documents from official and private legacy, which are expanded with the secondary informations from the Slovak and Hungarian expert literature.

Keywords: Pered, teacher, doctor, miller, grocer, rector, pharmacist, fireman, interwar period

Wars change lives and affect the very foundations of the legacy that our ancestors have built for us. Life during periods of conflict is often extremely hard. People who have worked to overcome this adversity and accomplish something beneficial for their communities during times of war (and, of course, in its aftermath) were often fascinating members of communal life. They tried to use their energy, intelligence and experience to build a better life for all. The village of Pered (now named Tešedíkovo after the famous teacher Samuel Tešedik1) is situated in the southwest of Slovakia, in the Danubian Lowland. The fertility of...

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