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The Social Status of Languages in Finland and Lithuania

A Plurimethodological Empirical Survey on Language Climate Change


Edited By Stephan Kessler and Marko Pantermöller

Finland and Lithuania stand for different ways of dealing with societal multilingualism and minority issues. However, in recent years, questions of language policy had been discussed more controversially in both countries. Thus our detailed surveys on Finland and Lithuania focused on how different population groups think about the lingual situation there. This publication presents the researchers’ results from between 2014 and 2016 regarding the attitudes towards the minority and majority languages. Key to the research was an especially developed methodological mixture, including the matched-guise technique. The surveys’ final reports to the German Research Foundation (DFG) are followed by contributions that give more details on the legal status of the languages in Finland and Lithuania or describe the specific features of urban multilingualism there.

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Meilutė Ramonienė: New Trends of Multilingualism in the Lithuanian Urban Space: the Private Sphere


Meilutė Ramonienė

New Trends of Multilingualism in theLithuanian Urban Space: the Private Sphere

Abstract. This article examines the linguistic behaviour of Lithuanian city-dwellers in the private sphere and the new trends of urban multilingualism in Lithuania. The linguistic repertoire is analysed—the use of languages at home, in mental processes (such as thinking or counting), and when using the media. The research is based on the data from three large-scale surveys carried out in 2007–12 in Lithuanian cities.


1 Introduction

2 Surveys and data capture

3 Data analysis

3.1 Population in urban Lithuania

3.2 Languages used at home

3.3 The ‘inner speech’ of city inhabitants

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