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Ethnic diversity and local governance quality

The case of Opole Province in Poland


Wojciech Opioła and Bartosz Czepil

The book is devoted to relations between the ethnic diversity and the quality of governance at the local level. Opolskie province in Poland is a case for explaining this interdependence. That is because of its history of multiculturalism and the present state of its ethnic diversity. The important feature of this region is, that nearly half of the communes is ethnically homogenous when the rest is ethnically diversified with a strong position of German and Silesian minorities. The preliminary assumption was, that the quality of governance would be higher in communes characterized by ethnic diversity. On the basis of the nested analysis method, authors conducted quantitative and qualitative analysis.

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IV Quantitative analysis: the results of measurements and their interpretation


The quantitative analysis comprised 60 communes of the Opolskie province: 25 urban-rural ones and 35 rural ones. The communes constituting towns being simultaneously the seats of district authorities, i.e. the communes of Opole, Brzeg, Głubczyce Kędzierzyn-Koźle, Kluczbork, Krapkowice, Namysłów, Nysa, Olesno, Prudnik, Strzelce Opolskie, were excluded from the analysis because of the possible influence of other variables on research results. The selected information on the demographic, economic and political situation of the communes under examination is presented in Tab. 10. Since we assume that the quality of governance can be also influenced by other factors such as the size or urbanization level of a commune, at the stage of the statistical analysis we examined the hypothetical potential of the dependence of the quality of governance as related to several independent variables and calculated partial correlations between the ethnic fractionalization index and the quality of governance, taking into consideration the influence of other factors. Because a statistical analysis was not an aim in itself, but rather a method making it possible to observe relationships and to select a few cases for a further qualitative analysis, we decide to apply such measures as correlation and scatter plot analysis. In some cases we made additional use of such measures as coefficient of determination and partial correlation.

The research sample is dominated by the communes inhabited by from 5000 to 10000 people. The most populous is the commune of Głuchołazy – 26447 people; the commune of Świercz...

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