Edited By Trine Lund Thomsen
Chapter 8 Accumulation and Conversion of Migrants’ Capital through Cleaning and Construction Jobs in Denmark (Doris P. Simkunas)
Doris P. Simkunas
Chapter 8 Accumulation and Conversion of Migrants’ Capital through Cleaning and Construction Jobs in Denmark
The EU enlargements in 2004, 2007 and 2013 have created opportunities for EU citizens to transmit their skills and resources abroad. During the EU enlargement in 2004, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Slovenia became EU members. In 2007, two additional countries, Romania and Bulgaria, also joined the EU. Finally, Croatia became a member of the EU in 2013. The opening of borders within the EU has facilitated the movement of capital, goods and services. It has created better opportunities for utilisation of individual Central and Eastern European (CEE) migrant workers’ resources in other EU countries (Kahanec and Zimmermann 2010). Since the time of the EU enlargements, there has also been a great interest in the formation of CEE migrants’ resources. The focus has particularly been on migrants’ social networks and transmissions of resources, such as cultural and economic capital, which are transmitted at a national and transnational level (Moskal 2013; Nowicka 2013; Ryan et al. 2008; Vershinina et al. 2011). International research shows that CEE migrants have difficulties applying their skills and resources from their countries of origin into the new labour markets (Cederberg 2017; Nowicka 2012). A literature review in the chapter indicates that there is an undeveloped area in the Danish research that does not include some of the similar issues of the CEE migrants’ application of resources...
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