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JOURNALISM IN TURKEY:

PRACTICES, CHALLENGES, OPPORTUNITIES

Edited By Devrim İnce and Yurdagül Bezirgan Arar

Journalism in Turkey has an ambivalent characteristic. On the one hand, the social demand for genuine journalism has increased, and on the other hand, news has turned into a tool within the polluted political polarization atmosphere.
In the age of fake news and post-truth, practices of journalism in Turkey both contain significantly striking examples of how media professionals overcome the barriers and also give some clues about the changing nature of journalism. The book examines the deep crisis mainstream media experience in Turkey. New-born media institutions, alternatives, their start-up strategies, and transformation of journalism field are scrutinized by qualitative and quantitative methods. The book aims to present a current picture of journalism in Turkey by underlining both historical continuities and breaks from the tradition.
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Turkey and the West in the Case of +90 YouTube Channel (Filiz Yıldız & Onur Dursun)

Extract

Filiz Yıldız & Onur Dursun

Turkey and the West in the Case of +90 YouTube Channel

Introduction

Nowadays, with digitalization, the course of alternative news diversifies and proliferates. While mentioned courses multiplying quantitatively, news approaches like selection and presentation of subjects are undergone partial changes, compared with mainstream media. Videlicet, these changes, though developing new perspectives and approaches, cause existing problems to reproduce or emerge new problems. Developing digital communication technologies rise new opportunities for international media organizations to execute non-institutional news practices in different foreign countries.

The number of international media organizations, such as BBC Turkish, Euronews, Sputnik, and broadcasting/publishing via Internet in Turkey has increased recently. As a subject of this study, +90 YouTube channel commence broadcasting in 2019 as a new and different example of such. The channel has various features regarding form of ownership and creation of content. Spearheaded by German public broadcaster Deutsche Welle (DW/Germany) and in collaboration with international public broadcasters BBC (England), France 24 (F24 / France) and Voice of America (VoA / USA), the channel may have different purposes. Apparently, it isn’t possible to say that this channel was established for commercial purpose. Limbourg, representative of DW, stated, “There is great international interest for this country. We would like to contribute better understanding by offering a platform for dialogue and involving the audience in ways we haven’t done before,” (Grosse, 2019) and “We are already employees of four known public broadcasting media...

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