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River Flowing North

Migration Generating Geographies and International Irregular Migrations

Edited By Suat KOLUKIRIK and Elif Gün

The phenomenon of migration, whose boundaries cannot be drawn, is not only a process that needs to be resolved economically, but also a multidimensional phenomenon that encompasses many areas in political, cultural, legal and social terms. Although the people built nations for themselves, set borders and established a relationship of belonging on certain lands, migration has always existed and continues to exist as a reality that pushes the limits of countries. In particular, the flows and possibilities that globalization has brought have enabled the phenomenon of migration to gain a different dimension and to be practiced and experienced in different ways in different parts of the world. Today, migration has ceased to be a phenomenon that affects only the countries that receive and produce migrants and that are located on the migration routes, and has become a series of events that occur on a transnational plane and await solutions. Now, the phenomenon of migration has become a problem of humanity, not a problem of individual communities and nations, and has become an important issue that needs to be approached on an international and global level.

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Reflection of the Migration Phenomenon on Women’s Everyday Lives: (Hülya ÇAKIR)

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Hülya ÇAKIR

Reflection of the Migration Phenomenon on Women’s Everyday Lives

1 Introduction

When the migration literature is analyzed, men have been approached and evaluated as active subjects for many years during the migration process. However, the conditions emerging with globalization and developing with other social dynamics show that gender has an impact on migration processes. Identity assessment can be seen to be effective in dealing with the migration phenomenon until recent studies, whereas, as suggested by Skeggs (1997:12), the concept of subjectivity refers to “conditions of exposure to regulatory, information and discourse frameworks” if gender is treated as a process, not as an identity. The passive and inactive positioning of women in the past period also illustrates this situation. Everyday life experience has always played an essential role in feminist theory—and also politics. Considering women’s experiences is an important challenge, given their invisibility in the social sciences (Öztan, 2009:10). This study focuses on understanding the macro-dynamics affecting migration gender relations based on women’s experiences of participation in daily life.

2 Migration

It is a movement that takes place from a settlement to a unit that has a political boundary, to another unit, as an individual, group, or mass (Seyyar and Genç, 2010:272).

According to Waugh, “migration is a permanent change in the place of mobility and human settlement, in some periods. Migrations occur due to the effects of repulsive and attractive factors....

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