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River Flowing North

Migration Generating Geographies and International Irregular Migrations

Edited By Suat KOLUKIRIK and Elif Gün

The phenomenon of migration, whose boundaries cannot be drawn, is not only a process that needs to be resolved economically, but also a multidimensional phenomenon that encompasses many areas in political, cultural, legal and social terms. Although the people built nations for themselves, set borders and established a relationship of belonging on certain lands, migration has always existed and continues to exist as a reality that pushes the limits of countries. In particular, the flows and possibilities that globalization has brought have enabled the phenomenon of migration to gain a different dimension and to be practiced and experienced in different ways in different parts of the world. Today, migration has ceased to be a phenomenon that affects only the countries that receive and produce migrants and that are located on the migration routes, and has become a series of events that occur on a transnational plane and await solutions. Now, the phenomenon of migration has become a problem of humanity, not a problem of individual communities and nations, and has become an important issue that needs to be approached on an international and global level.

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The Changing Definitions of Diaspora: The Case of Turkish Albanians: (Halil Saim PARLADIR and Afife Büşra IŞILDAK)

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Halil Saim PARLADIR and Afife Büşra IŞILDAK

The Changing Definitions of Diaspora: The Case of Turkish Albanians

1 Introduction

Turkey, country of a vast and heterogeneous population squeezed in Anatolia and Eastern Thrace, has been a homeland to many groups for ages; a history in the end shaped by tragic events that accompanied by the fall of once a mighty empire. Although founded in 1923, Turkey inherited the social and demographical structure of these tragic events that shaped the epilogue of the empire period. A society that experienced multiethnical coexistence as well as ethnic hatred and betrayal from its once-loyal subjects at the turn of the previous century in the wake of nations. It is true to say that all modern nation-states consist of a kind of ethnic heterogeneity but at the same time a major ethnicity as a core that became the very foundation of the political body. The ways in which a state can become a nation-state are clearly depicted in the related literature. In short, there are two ways or patterns regarding the change in question. First, a civic nationalization process which can be seen in the foundation of West European nations comprising an establishment of a territorial citizenship concept on the basis of historically established homogeneous ethnic and cultural traits. The second can be best displayed in the East European experiences which are mostly based on a domination effort on a territory populated by ethnically and culturally heterogeneous...

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