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River Flowing North

Migration Generating Geographies and International Irregular Migrations

Edited By Suat KOLUKIRIK and Elif Gün

The phenomenon of migration, whose boundaries cannot be drawn, is not only a process that needs to be resolved economically, but also a multidimensional phenomenon that encompasses many areas in political, cultural, legal and social terms. Although the people built nations for themselves, set borders and established a relationship of belonging on certain lands, migration has always existed and continues to exist as a reality that pushes the limits of countries. In particular, the flows and possibilities that globalization has brought have enabled the phenomenon of migration to gain a different dimension and to be practiced and experienced in different ways in different parts of the world. Today, migration has ceased to be a phenomenon that affects only the countries that receive and produce migrants and that are located on the migration routes, and has become a series of events that occur on a transnational plane and await solutions. Now, the phenomenon of migration has become a problem of humanity, not a problem of individual communities and nations, and has become an important issue that needs to be approached on an international and global level.

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Integration of Syrian Refugees Through Education Policies in Turkey: (Ebru EREN)



Integration of Syrian Refugees Through Education Policies in Turkey

1 Introduction

The crucial problematic of migration, as “a natural phenomenon of the past, today and tomorrow” (Council of Europe, 2002), as “the great challenge of the 21st century” and as a “challenge of globalization”, has been the issue of political priority for years, both for the European Union and for the Council of Europe (Pratt, 2008: 169). These supranational organizations are different in nature, but complementary due to the sharing of the same fundamental European values, like the promotion of human rights, the pluralist democracy and the rule of law in the context of international migration (Beacco, 2014: 10). It should be noted that the notion of “migration”, as a key part of the history of Europe and also the history of other contexts, means the mobility process to a country or even within a country. In other words, it is “the movement of persons away from their usual residence, either across an international border or within a country” (International Organization for Migration). The “migrant”, also called the “emigrant”, the “immigrant”, the “asylum seeker”, the “foreign”, the “other” or “refugee”, according to the context, refers to a person involved in the migration process (Beacco, 2008: 6). The refugee is a “person who, owing to a well-founded fear of persecution for the reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a social group or political opinion, is outside his/her country” (International Organization for Migration)...

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