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Citizen, Citizenship and Awareness of Citizenship

Intellectual, Political, and Social Debates in the Historical and Theoretical Framework for the Western Citizenship Case

Fikret Çelik

This book discusses the political, social and cultural change of Western civilization since ancient Greek in the adventure of civic thought in political theory. The aim of this book is to contribute to the discussion of citizenship through "citizenship awareness", because the phenomenon of citizenship, which is sometimes included in other political and social theories in the Western literature, is an even less studied subject in the "citizenship awareness" dimension. This book, while giving the opportunity to examine the views of academicians and intellectuals living in the modern and post-modern period on citizenship through a single text, provides the views of these individuals within the framework of "citizenship awareness" to those who are interested in the subject with different comments and evaluations.

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The foundations of all the scientific and social phenomena discussed in the Western world today can be reduced to the Ancient Greek civilization. For this reason, it is seen that a lot of the current political phenomena and even the discussions that address the classification and conceptualization stand in front of us, not only today, but also in a way that the history can be taken back two thousand five centuries. It is an undeniable fact that human beings, as a political and social entity, are considered as “individuals” with their rights and responsibilities in the modern period, depending on the understanding of the Ancient Greek, in the context of “citizen” and “citizenship”.

The change and transformation that the Western people had undergone throughout the Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Enlightenment periods, naturally also had an impact on the understanding of citizen and citizenship. But especially in the XIX and XX centuries, with the influence of modernism and developing ideologies, the citizen came to the fore as a legal, economic, and technological entity as well as a political and social individual. With the effect of the general acceptance of the Representative democracy in the Western world in the modern period, the citizen became the most important subject in politics and therefore in the states. This process has now become a key factor in determining the future of countries, along with their obligations and rights. The period when the citizen became the most important subject of the political system also...

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