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The Empire. Between dispute and nostalgia

Edited By Emanuel Plopeanu, Gabriel Stelian Manea and Metin Omer

The book examines how different imperial models of diplomacy, administration, economics, and cultural and religious policies were challenged or, on the contrary, defended during and after the collapse of the Empires that promoted them. It provides an overview from multiple perspectives of the imperial phenomenon in all its dimensions, and the studies published in this volume address broad chronological segments and geographical areas relevant to the imperial idea.

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Foreigners and Foreign Menace (as Perceived) in Romanian Society During First World War. A Few Considerations

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Abstract: This chapter aims at tackling a rather omitted topic within the research area focusing on the First World War, namely the distinctive issue of Romanian society’s perceptions and behaviour regarding the Foreigner(s) and foreign menace, evaluated both during the neutrality years and after Romania’s intervention into the World War, on the Entente side. Later on, the disastrous outcome of the military operations of the 1916 Romanian war campaign generated a massive wave of displacement and refugeedom, so that the already existing suspicions, fears and phobias have increased. In fact, the military defeat itself and implicitly the loss of Romanian territory to enemy forces, associated with fear regarding the potential behaviour of the enemy forces on Romanian (occupied) soil, provided the initial basis for the displacement of Romanian authorities and civilians, leading to the Moldavian refuge.

Keywords: Romania, First World War, neutrality, foreigners, enemy perception

Any analysis regarding the perception of foreign menace and fear in the context of World War I in Romania needs to consider the background that generated such processes. During the neutrality, there was a significant concern within Romanian society over the growing German ability and success to control the main economic branches of the country. Thus, an article by Ionescu Miozino, published in “România de Mâine” (June 1, 1915) entitled Germanii (The Germans) underlined that Germans have managed to infiltrate Romanian economy, so that “industry, commerce and finances were not only full of Germans, but almost...

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