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Energising Directed Motivational Currents through Learners’ Agency


Arkadiusz Pietluch

This book attempts to demystify concerns surrounding a novel motivational construct known as a Directed Motivational Current. The study aimed at exploring whether a high sense of efficacy may support a person in transforming short-spanned motivational episodes into longitudinal engagement typical for the DMC framework. To this end, a sequential exploratory mixed methodology was used. Subsequently, a link between well-anchored efficacy beliefs and the rate at which DMCs occur was indeed discovered. This was further reinforced by the outcomes of personalised interviews. Eventually, the research yielded several noteworthy conclusions, including the fact that imbuing the DMC structure with elements of efficacy building may lead to long-term, sustained behaviour in a foreign language classroom.

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APPENDIX 2 General Self- Efficacy Scale


APPENDIX 2 General Self-Efficacy Scale

We would like to ask you to help us by answering the following questions concerning general self-efficacy beliefs. The survey is conducted in order to better understand how personal agency is developed. Please provide your sincere opinion, as only this will guarantee the success of our research. Thank you very much indeed for your help.

Following are a number of statements with which some people agree, and others disagree. Please do indicate your opinion by putting the ‘X’ in the box that best describes the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement. Thank you!

Please specify your gender by marking the appropriate value: Female/ Male

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