Florian Znaniecki’s Culturalism
Preface / 11
Alluding to contemporary preoccupation with reﬂexive modernity, aVected by the grandiose growth of knowledge which in turn inﬂuences cultural and social processes, one may say that it is a problematic reﬂexivity as long as the principles of cultural be- coming – to use Florian Znaniecki’s notion – are not suYciently studied. Znaniecki believed that the dependence of cultural order on natural order is not only shrinking, but the reverse is taking place. An increasing inﬂuence of culture on nature and the rising complexity of cultural phenomena render the naturalistic approach in social and cultural sciences completely invalid. A renewed reception of the works of this master of contemporary thought may be facilitated by the cultural turn which has actually occurred in the last decades and which prepares suitable frameworks for a better welcome of Znaniecki’s ideas. If the new cultural sociology is to gain ﬁrm grounds, it should rediscover the classic studies on cultural dynamics, such as those conducted by Znaniecki. The unfavorable conditions that blurred Znaniecki’s inﬂuence on the twentieth century sociology and culturology are investigated in this book and a critical, penetrating overview of his contribution to cultural sociology and cultural sciences is presented. Znaniecki belongs to the eminent ﬁgures of the twentieth century humanities. It is worthwhile to examine the heritage of this scholar from a contemporary perspective, reﬂecting upon the principle of the humanistic coeYcient of cultural phenomena on which Znaniecki’s theory is founded. On the background of theoretical controversies in the...
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