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Towards the World Culture Society

Florian Znaniecki’s Culturalism

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Elzbieta Halas

If the new cultural sociology is to gain firm grounds, it should rediscover the classic studies on cultural dynamics and cultural systems. This book contributes to a better understanding of Florian Znaniecki as an eminent culturologist and the lasting relevance of his theory of cultural becoming. Znaniecki opted for a humanistic approach that he called culturalism. Culturalism, founded on the principle of the humanistic coefficient, is applied also to the cultural person. The concept of social values makes this cultural approach an original one. The cultural logic and cultural ethos of Znaniecki’s thought is inherent in the very principle of a creative evolution of culture, augmenting his vision of a new civilization of the future and a world culture society.

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Conclusion / 158

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158 AVective Society: Sentiments and Symbolic Interactions Conclusion After the ‘cold war’ ended, Huntington typically has returned to the problems that were the focus of attention after the First and Second World Wars, problems defined as the issue of the order of civilization. Znaniecki’s conceptions consequently are pre- sented here as placed within these confines. The work Ludzie teraêniejsi a cywilizacja przysz∏oÊci [Contemporary People and the Civilization of the Future] (1934) constitutes the horizon of any sociological considerations, including those on social sentiments. If, to a greater extent than ideologies, politics and economics, cultural identities and diVerences become the central question ( Huntington 1996: 21), then the culturalistic approach developed by Znaniecki, and in particular the research on sentiments on the ground of diversity of values which generate cultural conflicts, currently shows its full actuality.

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