Florian Znaniecki’s Culturalism
10 The Civilization Process in Florian Znaniecki’s Views / 161
chapter 10 The Civilization Process in Florian Znaniecki’s Views The Study of Civilization The interaction of cultures on a global scale and processes of globalization in social sciences bring about the return to a tradition of studies that take into account pro- cesses which are more universal than the integration within national societies and states ( Featherstone 1990: 3). Above all, it is the question of studying civilization. Samuel Huntington’s view of conﬂicts in the modern, multipolar world of many civilizations is a characteristic example of the recent revival of interest in these prob- lems ( Huntington 1998: 15). This is why analyses of the representment of the processes of civilization by thinkers of the West are indispensable for a critical evaluation of instruments employed by social sciences, including sociology. At the same time one should remember that ways of analyzing and representing the social world aVect its arrangement. The terms ‘civilization’ and ‘culture’ in Florian Znaniecki’s theory are not separate but this does not justify the hasty claim that he does not distinguish them ( Burakowski 1986: 51) or that he uses them like Marcel Mauss qui pro quo ( Mirek 1948: 198). Znaniecki accepts neither Alfred Weber’s and Robert M. MacIver’s ( MacIver 1946: 272V.) division between autotelic values (culture) and instrumental ones (civilization) nor the division between ideal values (culture) and material-social ones (civilization). However, in con- trast to Thomas S. Eliot ( Eliot 1949: 95) or Jacques Maritain ( Maritain 1968: 10), he does not give up the distinction of these terms....
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