Proceedings of the Xth Conference, Helsinki 2008
Edited By Martti Vainio, Reijo Aulanko and Olli Aaltonen
17. Initiality accents in Central Swedish 167
INITIALITY ACCENTS IN CENTRAL SWEDISH Sara Myrberg 1 Introduction In research on Central Swedish intonation, two tonal prominence levels are generally distinguished. These are focus and accentuation. Each prominence level has a separate realization for accent 1 and accent 2, as shown in Table 1 (cf. e.g. Bruce, 1998; Heldner, 2001; Hansson, 2003). 1 Table 1. The tonal inventory of Central Swedish. accentuation focus word accent 1 HL* L*H word accent 2 H*L H*LH In the Lund model a prosodic phrase generally has a focal accent and a number of optional non-focal pre- and post-focal accents (Bruce, 1998). This paper presents the argument that an Initiality Accent (IA) should be assumed as an integral part of the tonal structure of a prosodic phrase, in addition to the focal accent and the pre- and post-focal accents. The tonal structure of a prosodic phrase, then, is as shown in (1). 2 1 The tonal configurations assumed here are nearly the same as those assumed within the Lund model of Central Swedish intonation. The difference between the tonal inventory assumed here and that of the Lund model is in the representation of the focal accent for accent 1. Whereas the Lund model assumes a HL*H contour, only a L*H contour is assumed here. The existence of the first H tone in this sequence has been discussed by e.g. Riad (1998) and Engstrand (1995, 1997). This discussion will be of no crucial importance to the analyses presented in this...
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