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The Change toward Cooperation in the George W. Bush Administration’s Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy toward North Korea


Jonas Schneider

This book offers a case study in foreign policy change: It examines why the Bush administration suddenly redirected its nuclear nonproliferation policy toward North Korea in the aftermath of North Korea’s first nuclear test in October 2006, abandoning its former confrontational approach in favor of a more accommodating line. Existing explanations of this course reversal draw on the security implications of a growing crisis on the Korean Peninsula, U.S. domestic politics, and changing decision-making dynamics within the Bush administration. Employing before-after comparison, the study refutes these accounts – and it offers an alternative explanation: The Bush administration altered its nonproliferation policy toward North Korea toward a cooperative course because after the nuclear test, it perceived fundamentally improved prospects for fruitful cooperation on North Korea’s denuclearization.


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Abbreviations XI


Abbreviations BDA CIA CVID D EU FPA HEU HRI IAEA IAI IHT IR KEDO LDP LWR NPT NSC NYT PCC PSI R SFI SLD TWEA UN WMD WP Banco Delta Asia Central Intelligence Agency complete, verifiable and irreversible dismantlement Democrat European Union Foreign Policy Analysis highly enriched uranium Human Rights Initiative International Atomic Energy Agency Illicit Activities Initiative International Herald Tribune International Relations Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization Liberal Democratic Party, Japan light water reactor Nonproliferation Treaty National Security Council New York Times Policy Coordination Committee, National Security Council Proliferation Security Initiative Republican Secure Freight Initiative Second Line of Defense Trading with the Enemy Act United Nations weapons of mass destruction Washington Post

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