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Multilingual Norms

Edited By Madalena Cruz-Ferreira

Multilinguals are not multiple monolinguals. Yet multilingual assessment proceeds through monolingual norms, as if fair conclusions were possible in the absence of fair comparison. In addition, multilingualism concerns what people do with language, not what languages do to people. Yet research focus remains on multilinguals’ languages, as if languages existed despite their users. This book redresses these paradoxes. Multilingual scholars, teachers and speech-language clinicians from Europe, Asia, Australia and the US contribute the first studies dedicated to multilingual norms, those found in real-life multilingual development, assessment and use. Readership includes educators, clinicians, decision-makers and researchers interested in multilingualism.


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Notes on Contributors ix


ix Notes on Contributors Chris BREBNER is Lecturer in Speech Pathology at Flinders University of South Australia. After completing her degree in Speech Pathology at Flinders University, she worked in Australia and the UK, and spent eight years working in Singapore. At present she is completing her PhD, looking at the acquisition of Singapore Colloquial English and Singapore Standard English for preschool Chinese Singaporean children. Email: Web: Alison CANNON is a Speech-Language Pathologist and qualified teacher who has a particular interest in specific learning disabilities. She trained in Australia and holds a Masters degree in Communication Disorders as well as postgraduate qualifications in Special Education and Counselling. She has been working in Singapore since 1996, primarily with students with specific language impair- ments or language-based learning disabilities, and since 2002 has worked full time at the Singapore American School where she finds an interesting mix of multiple language backgrounds, frequent school transitions and high academic demands among the “third culture kid” population. Email: Deborah CHUA has recently submitted her MA thesis on digression in student expository writing to the National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technologi- cal University, Singapore. She is also a Research Assistant with the Asia Re- search Institute, National University of Singapore. Her research interests include language development, cognitive approaches to writing, and genre-related stud- ies in writing research. Email: Alan COBO-LEWIS is Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Maine Orono, USA. He received his BA from...

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