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Indirect and Direct Aggression

Edited By Karin Österman

Indirect and Direct Aggression consists of 24 chapters written by distinguished scholars within the field of aggression research, covering indirect aggression, bullying in schools, adult bullying, and societal and biological aspects of aggression. Indirect aggression is the most typical form of aggression used by women in most cultures. It is an aggressive strategy that is carried out by means of social manipulation that enables the perpetrator to go unnoticed and thereby escape retaliation. Knowledge about indirect aggression and its mechanisms is crucial for all anti-bullying efforts, among children and adults alike. Although briefly covered in early research on human aggression, the study of indirect aggression originates, beginning from the mid-1980s, from a research group in Finland, lead by Professor Kaj Björkqvist of Åbo Akademi University. The book can be used as a textbook at university level.


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Contents Preface Part I. Indirect Aggression What is Indirect Aggression in Adults? 3 John Archer University of Central Lancashire, UK “Tripping the Prom Queen”: Female Intrasexual Competition and Indirect Aggression 17 Tracy Vaillancourt1,2, Jessie L. Miller2 and Aanchal Sharma2 1University of Ottawa, Canada 2McMaster University, Canada Indirect Aggression and the Media: Watching “Mean” on the Screen 33 Sarah M. Coyne Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA Television and Aggression: The Gender Factor 43 Seymour Feshbach and Norma Deitch Feshbach University of California, Los Angeles, USA The Role of Deficient and Harsh Parenting in the Development of Child- hood Indirect Aggression 51 Nizete-Ly Valles and John F. Knutson University of Iowa, USA Direct And Indirect Bullying: Which Is More Distressing? 69 Mike Eslea University of Central Lancashire, UK The Form and Function of Female Aggression 85 Stacy M. Sechrist1 and Jacquelyn W. White2 1OTM Partners, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA 2University of North Carolina at Greensboro, USA The Mini Direct Indirect Aggression Inventory (Mini-DIA) 103 Karin Österman Åbo Akademi University, Vasa, Finland Part II. Bullying in Schools The Olweus Bullying Prevention Program: Effects of Classroom Compo- nents at Different Grade Levels 115 Dan Olweus1 and Jan Helge Kallestad2 1University of Bergen, Norway 2Bergen University College and Research Center for Health Promotion, Norway Peer Support in Japan: A Perspective from the Outside 133 Helen Cowie University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK and Hiroshima University, Japan + Empathy: Pedagogical Strategies to Promote Empathy 143 Enrique Chaux Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia Perceptions,...

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