Section 2: Theoretical perspectives on translation
Translation studies: Terminology in theory and practice 63 Section 2 THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES ON TRANSLATION Marcel Thelen 64 Jeanne Dancette UNDERSTANDING TRANSLATORS’ UNDERSTANDING In memory of our dear colleague Louise Audet, deceased on February 26, 2009. Her valuable contributions to the study of translation processes in the literary field will not go unnoticed. Abstract: Trying to understand cognitive mechanisms underlying creative and intellectual tasks is a challenge to psycho-cognitive research. In translation studies, scholars turned their attention to cognitivism as they were trying to go beyond traditional linguistic and comparative approaches. Interest for this kind of research flourished in the 1980s and 1990s when they sought answers to the theoretical and practical questions pertaining to the act of translation and how to teach it. This contribution, originated in a previously published paper from 1995, assesses the progress of cognitive research in translation studies. Questions of meaning, conceptualisation, creativity, etc. are at the centre of this paper, which focuses on the processes involved in the interpretation of meaning in specialised texts while revisiting an experiment in the light of today’s developments. Keywords: cognitive process, conceptualisation, creativity, meaning, think-aloud protocols, translation, understanding, world knowledge. This article focuses on the cognitive mechanisms involved in the interpretation of meaning in translation and discusses experimental research on comprehension.1 We will begin by presenting an update of the developments that have taken place since the original publication of this research. This will 1 The first discussion of this research appeared in the article “Extraction du sens en...
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