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Labour and Sustainable Development

North-South Perspectives

Series:

Francesco Garibaldo and Dinghong Yi

This book takes up a critical and realistic perspective on what is happening in China, India and other Asian countries in comparison with Western countries. It avoids hiding problems and difficulties, but communicates a positive message on the possibility to proceed in achieving a better situation. In this perspective the analysis of the public policies is a key point. These policies, in the Eastern as well as in the Western countries show objective difficulties and social contradictions but also that improvement is possible. The initial chapter is completely devoted to a study of China from within. The other topics analysed in the book are related to the social and natural environment’s sustainability: innovation, research and education on the one side and the life of workers on the other; also including the «invisible» people of the informal employment and the economic migrants, especially in Asia.

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Chapter 4: Migration

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237 From the Urban-Rural-Binary Labor Market to Urban- Internally-Binary Labor Market Erduo Liu (School of Labor Relations and Human Resource, Renmin University of China) Abstract The economy reform, started in 1979, has radically changed China’s economy. It also changed Chi- na’s labor market, making the frame of an urban-rural-binary labor market evolved into an urban- internally-binary labor market together with a rural labor market, which is deeply different from what it was before, though it still exists. The present frame of labor market of China defines to a great extent the present and future of China’s economy, as well as China’s employment policy. This thesis of mine will expound some questions concerned with the government’s employment policy by analyzing some features of the national labor market via reviewing the evolution of this market. Content 1. Centralized Economy and Binary Labor Market ........................................ 237 2. The Rural Labors Going Back into Urban Areas and the Urban-internally-binary Labor Market ....................................................... 239 3. The Laid-offs in State-owned Enterprises and Development of the Second Labor Market in Urban Areas ......................................................... 241 4. The reform of Chinese Institutions and secondary labor market ............... 243 5. The Expansion of Second Labor Market in Cities and Labor Market Policy ........................................................................................................... 245 References ........................................................................................................ 246 1. Centralized Economy and Binary Labor Market The separate administering systems for the urban and rural areas began to take shape from in the late 1950s in the last century. In the early years of that period, peasants enjoyed the freedom and right of migration into cities and the...

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