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Workers, Citizens, Governance

Socio-Cultural Innovation at Work

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Francesco Garibaldo, Mirella Baglioni, Catherine Casey and Volker Telljohann

This book pursues principal aims. First it describes and reviews current concerns in regard to the conditions of labour markets, production organizations, working conditions, and industrial and employment relations. Prominent among these concerns are the crisis in trade unions and in democratic labour market institutions, and the rise of what many critics regard as technocratic administrative powers in the displacement of democratic practices. Furthermore the book explores aspects of the search for socio-cultural innovation in the wide areas of work, industrial, organizational, management, and employment relations. It therefore deals with participatory democratic practices in the world of work and production, with citizenship, social cohesion, wider participation in education and training, as well as with cultural interests in identity, solidarity and non-market values.

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Welfare and Democracy. Rainer Greca

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79 Welfare and Democracy Rainer Greca Social security systems in Europe mirror the rich social, economic, political and cultural currents between Nord Kap and Cabo São Vincente. Steps toward resto- ration and modernisation are layered like sediment so that superficial similarities cover up fundamental differences in the basic structure. In the same manner, concepts of a mixed economy of welfare or welfare to work were introduced throughout Europe in the last century, but lie in different columns and networks of the social care tradition. An affinity among the European welfare regimes be- comes obvious, when they are compared with those from the former communist countries or Asia. (Jones: 1993,206) The phrase “welfare state” itself was invented in Europe and is dedicated to several independent authors: Adolf Wagner used it in Germany the first time in 1854 (“Wohlfahrtsstaat”). In Scandinavia it was a common terminology during the 1930s (Kaufmann: 1996, 31). William Temple, Archbishop of York, de- scribed by it in 1941 the Labour Britain: “In place of the concept of the Power State we are led to that of the Welfare State”. As a accepted basic definition the following interpretation can be taken: “The Welfare State is the institutional out- come of the assumption by a society of legal and therefore formal and explicit responsibility by a society for the basic well-being of all of its members.” (Gir- vetz: 1968, 512) 1. Antecedents of modern welfare regimes If there is such a thing as a “first stone” of...

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