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The Europeanization of Migration Policy

The Schengen Acquis between the Priorities of Legal Harmonization and Fragmentation

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Robert Fischer

The legislative dynamic in the post-Amsterdam era is increasingly challenging the Schengen Acquis as it leads to both legal harmonization and fragmentation. SIS, EURODAC, Prüm and, more recently, VIS have changed Europe’s law enforcement authorities considerably. However, it is questionable whether the fragmented legal harmonization can provide sufficient compensatory measures in light of the increasing international criminal links and illicit migration within the Schengen countries. This analysis focuses on the theoretical considerations regarding the various concepts of Europeanization, and on their effect on the multi-layered policy processes and actors implementing the Schengen complexes. This work is directed at students, researchers and practitioners wishing to survey the current legal situation.

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1. The Schengen Acquis between Migration Control and Combating Crime 13 2. The Europeanization Concept ..................................................................... 19 2.1 Synopsis and the theoretical basics of the Europeanization paradigm ......................................................................................... 19 2.2 Is Europeanization more a research challenge than one of model building? ......................................................................................... 28 2.3 The Europeanization methods and research methodology ............... 31 3. The Schengen Acquis between the Priorities of legal Harmonization and Fragmentation ............................................................................................ 36 3.1 Free movement of EU citizens and their family members ............. 45 3.2 Border policy ................................................................................... 54 3.3 Visa policy ....................................................................................... 68 3.4 Asylum policy ................................................................................. 76 3.4 Police cooperation ........................................................................... 95 4. Conclusion ................................................................................................ 108 Bibliography .................................................................................................. 112 Annex I CSA Europeanization Stages .......................................................... 119 10 Figures 1 Three dimension of domestic impact of Europeanization .............. 23 2 Three-step model ............................................................................. 31 3 Eising`s analyzing method .............................................................. 34 4 Average time between the dates of taking the fingerprints and their sending to the EURODAC Central Unit ........................ 89 5 Rejected transactions, percentage 2010 .......................................... 93 Tables 1 Governance, policy and mechanisms of Europeanization .............. 26 2 Cultures of border control in Europe .............................................. 28 3 Free movement principles based on ECJ decisions ........................ 47 4 Categories of implementation the SBC ........................................... 57 5 Europeanization process of visa policy ........................................... 71 6 Europeanization ‘misfits’ of the Eurodac system ........................... 87 7 Missed hits because of delay when sending cat. 2 .......................... 90 8 Legal bases of police cooperation of Germany with its bordering countries ......................................................................................... 98 9 German Prüm DNA hits until 30th September 2009 ..................... 100 11 List of abbreviations AEN Alliance for Europe of the Nations CCV Community Code in Visa CCI Common Consular Instructions CEAS Common European...

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