Surveillance has notably increased in the last decades of modern society. Surveil- lance studies scholars like David Lyon (1994) or Clive Norris and Gary Armstrong (1999) stress that we live in a surveillance society. Although there are a lot of other features in contemporary society such as information, neoliberalism, globalization, capital, etc., surveillance in general and Internet surveillance in particular are crucial phenomena. In order to get a first impression of (Internet) surveillance, some illus- trative examples can be given: According to the American Management Association and the ePolicy Institute (2008) that undertake an annual quantitative survey about electronic monitoring and surveillance with approximately 300 U.S. companies, “more than one fourth of employers have fired workers for misusing e-mail and nearly one third have fired employees for misusing the Internet“. More than 40% of the companies monitor e- mail traffic of their workers, and 66% of corporations monitor Internet connec- tions. In addition, most companies use software to block non-work related web- sites such as sexual or pornographic sites, game sites, social networking sites, enter- tainment sites, shopping sites, and sport sites. The American Management Associa- tion and the ePolicy Institute (2008) also stress that companies “tracking content, keystrokes, and time spent at the keyboard ... store and review computer files ... monitor the blogosphere to see what is being written about the company, and ... monitor social networking sites.“ In addition, the New Yorker risk consulting company Kroll undertakes off- and online pre-employment screening on a large-scale level. Kroll offers background screening...
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