Edited By Walter Leal Filho and Julia Gottwald
The Challenge of Attracting High-Quality Technology Transfers to Non-BRIC Countries: Chile and its Emerging Wind Energy Industry
A. Pueyo, M. Mendiluce, D. Morales, R. García1 Abstract Literature on the role of technology transfers for the development and deploy- ment of local renewable energy technologies in developing countries often refers to success stories in the so-called BRIC economies. This paper outlines the dif- ferent challenges faced by a smaller developing country in attracting foreign technologies. Fibrovent, a Chilean company which is entering into the manufac- ture of wind blades, provides a good case study on how the combination of inter- nal and foreign sources of knowledge, technology push policies and market pull policies can steer the way to high-quality technology transfers, that is, transfers that generate local technological capacity. It also shows some of the barriers that can delay the process, mainly a small and uncertain local demand and the unwillingness of strong potential partners to transfer their technology. I. Introduction The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) con- siders technology transfers to developing countries as one of the main building blocks of a future international climate change agreement. However, the UNFCCC has so far failed to deliver the rate of TT required to meet the stabilisation challenge. The private sector owns most of the technologies that can facilitate a transition to low-carbon development method but the UNFCCC process appears disconnected from the enabling frameworks which facilitate private investment in emerging economies. The private sector has responded to the enabling environments and large de- mand of some emerging economies (mainly Brazil, China and India) where...
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