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Anti-Judaism on the Way from Judaism to Christianity

Series:

Peter Landesmann

The differing beliefs that emerged between Christianity and Judaism, especially in the first two centuries AD, were mainly caused by the introduction of heavenly beings in the Jewish religion. This resulted in the predominance of a messiah, who will be sent by God as salvator mundi. Mainly Paul preached and practiced the conversion of pagans to Christianity, without obligating them to practice the Jewish law. In the course of time the baptized pagans represented the mainstream of Christianity which caused a conflict between them and those Jews who practiced the Jewish law but also believed in Jesus as the Messiah. The development of these tendencies is described in this book.

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1. Preface...................................................................................................... 3 1.1 Introduction ..................................................................................... 3 1.2 Multiple exegesis ............................................................................. 4 1.2.1 The Jewish exegesis............................................................... 4 1.2.2 The Christian exegesis ........................................................... 5 2. Mary's virgin birth as an introduction to biblical exegesis ...................... 6 3. The Holy Spirit ........................................................................................ 9 4. Israel's hopes for the future...................................................................... 11 5. The Deuteronomic historical book .......................................................... 14 6. The apocalyptic influence ........................................................................ 15 7. The titles given by God to agents acting on his behalf ............................ 18 7.1 The angels ........................................................................................ 18 7.2 The Son of Man ............................................................................... 18 7.3 The Messiah as a King and descendant of David ............................ 22 7.4 The Son of God................................................................................ 24 8. The doctrine of wisdom and the term "logos" ......................................... 26 9. The statements made by Jesus about Judaism ......................................... 34 10. The titles bestowed on Jesus ................................................................... 38 10.1. Jesus, the Rabbi and Teacher ....................................................... 38 10.2. Jesus, the Prophet ........................................................................ 38 10.3. Jesus, the High Priest ................................................................... 39 10.4. Jesus, the King ............................................................................. 40 10.5. Jesus, the "Savior" ........................................................................ 41 10.6. "Lord" as a title for Jesus ............................................................. 42 10.7. Jesus as a mediator between God and the people ........................ 42 10.8. Jesus, the Son of Man and the Messiah ....................................... 43 10.9. Jesus, the Lamb of God ................................................................ 46 10.10. Jesus, the second or last Adam..................................................... 48 10.11. Jesus, the logos ............................................................................ 51 10.12. Jesus, the God............................................................................... 53 11. Why was Jesus crucified?......................................................................... 57 12. Christian arguments for justifying the crucifixion of Jesus .................... 59 13. The resurrection of Jesus ......................................................................... 60 214. The explanation for the resurrection of Jesus .......................................... 62 15. The resurrection of the dead .................................................................... 63 16. Expectations of the imminent return of Jesus ......................................... 67 17....

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