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Anti-Judaism on the Way from Judaism to Christianity

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Peter Landesmann

The differing beliefs that emerged between Christianity and Judaism, especially in the first two centuries AD, were mainly caused by the introduction of heavenly beings in the Jewish religion. This resulted in the predominance of a messiah, who will be sent by God as salvator mundi. Mainly Paul preached and practiced the conversion of pagans to Christianity, without obligating them to practice the Jewish law. In the course of time the baptized pagans represented the mainstream of Christianity which caused a conflict between them and those Jews who practiced the Jewish law but also believed in Jesus as the Messiah. The development of these tendencies is described in this book.

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2. Mary's virgin birth as an introduction to biblicalexegesis

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62. Mary's virgin birth as an introduction to biblical exegesis Similar to the initial trial dig that is usually performed on archaeological digs, let us start by examining a controversial chapter, which can then be used as a basis for demonstrating the methodology and problems involved in bible exegesis. To this end, some narratives of Mary's virgin birth are quoted below. They serve as examples to demonstrate the difficulties involved in analyzing text, while at the same time showing how statements can be couched in terms that are acceptable for believers although they are realistically void of reason. "Now the birth of Jesus the Messiah took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, but before they lived together, she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit. Her husband Joseph, being a righteous man and unwilling to expose her to public disgrace, planned to dismiss her quietly. But just when he had resolved to do this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, "Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for the child conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. She will bear a son, and you are to name him Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins." All this took place to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet: "Look, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they...

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