19. The sacrifice of Jesus as atonement
The sayings by the prophet Isaiah that have already been quoted deserve repeti- tion at this point since they are important for the Christian teachings of atone- ment through the crucifixion of Jesus: "Yet it was the will of the LORD to crush him (the servant of God, see Isa 61:1-11 and 42:1-4/Mat 12:1-21) with pain. When you make his life an offering for sin, he shall see his offspring, and shall prolong his days; through him the will of the LORD shall prosper" (Isa 53:10 NRS). And: "He was despised and rejected by others; a man of suffering and ac- quainted with infirmity; and as one from whom others hide their faces he was despised, and we held him of no account. Surely he has borne our infirmities and carried our diseases; yet we accounted him stricken, struck down by God, and af- flicted. But he was wounded for our transgressions, crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the punishment that made us whole, and by his bruises we are healed" (Isa 53:3-5 NRS). It should be noted that the Hebrew word " ll'Þx' " can mean both "pierced" and "wounded". Both the Lutheran version of the Bible and the English King James version chose to translate " ll'Þx' " as "wounded" rather than pierced. This transla- tion is supported by the Greek Septuagint, where " ll'Þx' " is translated as "ἐτραυματίσθη (Isa 53:5 BGT)". As such, this prophetic saying does not refer to Jesus' death, although...
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