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Anti-Judaism on the Way from Judaism to Christianity

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Peter Landesmann

The differing beliefs that emerged between Christianity and Judaism, especially in the first two centuries AD, were mainly caused by the introduction of heavenly beings in the Jewish religion. This resulted in the predominance of a messiah, who will be sent by God as salvator mundi. Mainly Paul preached and practiced the conversion of pagans to Christianity, without obligating them to practice the Jewish law. In the course of time the baptized pagans represented the mainstream of Christianity which caused a conflict between them and those Jews who practiced the Jewish law but also believed in Jesus as the Messiah. The development of these tendencies is described in this book.

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20. The forgiveness of sins through baptism

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"And now why do you delay? Get up, be baptized, and have your sins washed away, calling on his name" (Act 22:16 NRS). The baptismal phrase "baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit" (Mat 28:19b NRS) only features in Mat 28,19, but not in the narratives of baptism in the Acts and Paul's Letters. Passages that de- scribe the act of baptism in more detail only use the baptismal phrase: "in the name of Jesus Christ" (Act 2:38 NRS). (Similarly: Acts 8:16; 10:48; 19:5; Rom 6:3 and Gal 3:27.) As such, Mat 28,19 may have been added at a later date. This baptismal phase from Mat 28,19 does, however, also appear in the Didache 7.1 (Greek: διδαχή), one of the earliest church orders of Christianity (c. 150-180, others claim 80-100 AD).

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