Zofia Rosińska: ILLUMINATING LIFE. LESZEK KOŁAKOWSKI’S PHILOSOPHY OF CULTURE
Zofia Rosińska ILLUMINATING LIFE. LESZEK KOŁAKOWSKI’S PHILOSOPHY OF CULTURE ABSTRACT In his life and work, Leszek Kołakowski traversed many paths, some more and some less well- known. The main focus here is on Kołakowski’s involvement in what one may call an anthro- pological variant of philosophy of culture. Anthropological philosophy of culture bases on the following assumptions: 1. Human conduct is determined by culture. There is neither humanity without culture nor culture without humans. 2. Human conduct is by nature referential, in other words, the factual alone is not enough for humans who tend to reach beyond it in their search for the most elemental and ultimate truths. 3. Culture is a dynamic phenomenon and a challenge on the path to self-awareness. 4. Axiological sensitivity. 5. The culture philosopher is immersed in the culture he studies and, by revealing that which it conceals, is a source of reflection on this culture. All these assumptions lie at the core of the philosophy of Leszek Kołakowski. Keywords: culture; philosophy; illumination; comprehension; self-contestation. My intention in the present essay is to underscore those traits in Leszek Koła- kowski’s work that can be considered to belong to the sphere of philosophy of culture. In his short essay Philosophy of Culture as Primary Philosophy, Andrzej Sza- haj wrote: “Reflection on culture constitutes one of the most interesting traits of the Polish tradition in humanistic study” and then “our cultural identity calls for constant reflection on culture, both in the...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.