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Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages. Getting the Picture

In Memory of Michael Clyne- In Collaboration with Catrin Norrby, Leo Kretzenbacher, Carla Amorós

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr

This volume comprises 28 papers presented at the 1 st International Conference on Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages in Graz (Austria) in July 2011. The conference was also held in memory of Michael Clyne – eminent linguist, scholar, language enthusiast and advocate of multilingualism who died in October 2010. The volume pays homage to his important contributions in many fields of linguistics and in the theory of pluricentric languages. The conference in Graz was the first international event to document the situation of non-dominant varieties world-wide in order to identify common or diverging features. It provided substantial insights into the codification and in corpus and status planning of non-dominant varieties. The volume deals with 18 languages and 31 different national and other varieties in 29 countries of the world.

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Josep-Àngel MAS: Catalan as a pluricentric language: the Valencian case

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In: Rudolf Muhr (ed.) (2012): Non-dominant Varieties of pluricentric Languages. Getting the Pic- ture. In memory of Michael Clyne. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 283-300. Josep-Àngel MAS (Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain) jamas@upv.es Catalan as a pluricentric language: the Valencian case Abstract The recognition of Catalan pluricentricity is far from reaching a consen- sus. This lack of general acceptance of pluricentricity happens in spite of the existence of an own codifying institution for the Valencian variety, the most visible amongst the non-dominant varieties of Catalan. It also occurs despite the historical use of the Valencian variants in cultural fields, the secular tradition of naming valencià the Catalan language, or the demographic length of the Valencian Community within the Catalan linguistic community. Furthermore, the entity and the name of the lan- guage are the subjects of a social polemic still not solved because it has been never tackled directly. Obviously, this controversy makes the agreement difficult. The most polarized forms of this conflict take Valencian either as a separate language or as a dialect of Catalan without more rights than other dialects inside Catalonia. This ideological polari- zation has led to four alternative models for the Valencian formal lan- guage, in a scale from the more Valencian variants to the less: secession- ist, particularistic, convergent and uniformist. 1. Introduction – Demography and territory of the Catalan language Catalan could be described as the least minor of the European minority languages. Its status as the official language...

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