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Mainstream or Marginal?

The Matthean Community in Early Christianity


Friedbert Ninow

This book constructs a profile of the Matthean Community by using insights from sociology and studies of oral and chirographic cultures, together with a careful investigation of the material unique to the Gospel of Matthew. A picture emerges of a self-regulating, independent community with the kind of strong self-definition and tension with its surrounding society characteristic of a sect. It had a high regard for law and practiced Sabbath-observance, as well as observing the distinction between clean and unclean foods. The community viewed its members as saved sinners who should conduct themselves in a manner appropriate to those who await the soon return of their Lord. Somewhat provocatively, this book argues that the Matthean Community was likely to be mainstream in early Christianity, not marginal.


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Abbreviations of Journals and Book Series


AbbreviationsofJournalsandBookSeries ANRW Aufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt AusBR Australian Biblical Review AUSS Andrews University Seminary Studies BA Biblical Archaeologist BAGD W. Bauer, W. F. Arndt, F. W. Gingrich, and F. W. Danker, Greek-English Lexicon of the NT BETL Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium Bib Biblica BibRes Biblical Research BibInt Biblical Interpretation BJRL Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library BSac Bibliotheca Sacra BT The Bible Translator BTB Biblical Theology Bulletin BZ Biblische Zeitschrift CBNT Coniectanea Biblica: New Testament Series CBQ Catholic Biblical Quarterly CBQMS Catholic Biblical Quarterly – Monograph Series ETL Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses EvQ Evangelical Quarterly EvT Evangelische Theologie ExpTim Expository Times HeyJ Heythrop Journal HTR Harvard Theological Review HTS Hervormde Teologiese Studies ICC International Critical Commentary IEJ Israel Exploration Journal Int Interpretation ITQ Irish Theological Quarterly JAAR Journal of the American Academy of Religion JBL Journal of Biblical Literature JBR Journal of Bible and Religion JECS Journal of Early Christian Studies JETS Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society JHLT Journal of Hispanic-Latino Theology JJS Journal of Jewish Studies JQR Jewish Quarterly Review JSJ Journal for the Study of Judaism 232 AbbreviationsofJournalsandBookSeries JSNT Journal for the Study of the New Testament JSNTSup Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplementary Series JSOTSup Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplementary Series JTS Journal of Theological Studies JW Josephus, Jewish War KJV King James Version MBC Mellen Biblical Commentary MScRel Mélanges de science religieuse MT Masoretic Text Neot Neotestamentica NIGTC New International Greek Testament Commentary NovT Novum...

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