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Religion, Ethics and Public Education- Religion, Ethik und öffentliche Bildung- Religia, etyka i edukacja publiczna

With Assistance of Michał Czapara- Unter Mitarbeit von Michał Czapara - Przy współpracy Michała Czapary

Series:

Dariusz Aleksandrowicz

Irrespective of the separation between religion and state, societies are confronted with claims to incorporate religious beliefs in public education. The anthology deals with the relevant issues referring to the history of ideas, epistemology, ethics, jurisprudence, political philosophy, and the philosophy of education.
Trotz der Trennung zwischen Religion und Staat sind Gesellschaften mit der Forderung konfrontiert, Religion in die öffentliche Bildung zu integrieren. Der Sammelband befasst sich mit einschlägigen Fragen aus dem Bereich der Ideengeschichte, Erkenntnislehre, Ethik, Jurisprudenz, der politischen Philosophie sowie Bildungsphilosophie.
Niezależnie od separacji religii i państwa społeczeństwa konfrontowane są z aspiracjami do włączenia religii do systemu edukacji publicznej. Książka podejmuje odnośne problemy w konteście historii idei, epistemologii, etyki, filozofii prawa, polityki oraz wychowania.

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I. History of Ideas

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Religia w świetle filozofii wychowania Johna Deweya Izabela Janus Religion in the light of John Dewey’s philosophy of education For Dewey, education is a way to improve the life-experience of a social group. The task of public schools is to create and present to pupils the simplified image of social environment. The worthless elements appearing in the social life are to be excluded from it. Dewey regards traditional religion, based on claims about the supernatural, as one of such elements. According to him, the idea of supernatural arose as a result of some kind of error, mistake, and misunderstanding of religious experiences. Moreover this idea obstructs the implementation of democratic values. Thus, there is no place in public schools for teaching religion. However, his position implies some problems: There are many ethically controver- sial issues which can legally enter public discussion. It is doubtful whether teachers who have influence on pupils can stay indifferent towards such issues or towards questions of metaphysical character often asked for by young people. Furthermore, the Deweyan critique of supernaturalism is untenable from the Christian point of view. Religion im Kontext von John Deweys Philosophie der Erziehung Dewey zufolge dient Bildung der Verbesserung der Lebenserfahrung einer gesell- schaftlichen Gruppe. Die Aufgabe von öffentlichen Schulen sei es, vereinfachte Bil- der der sozialen Umwelt zu entwerfen und den Schülern vorzuführen. Die wertlosen Elemente des sozialen Lebens sollen dabei ausgeklammert werden. Dewey betrach- tet traditionelle Religionen, die auf Annahmen von Übernatürlichem aufbauen, als ein solches...

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