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Philosophical and Religious Sources of Modern Culture


Edited By Jacek Grzybowski

Europe is the community of nations which, in the favorable conditions of a small yet extremely diversified continent, took over and developed the legacy of Greco-Roman civilization transformed and enriched by Christianity. Philosophy, theology, liturgy, religion, national culture and tradition are still manifestations of this heritage. Europe is not merely a region or geographical location. It is an idea that expresses cultural and social ideals. The nature of Europeanness is not defined by race or place but by freedom and culture in the broad sense. Latin Europe created a sphere of civilization. Though ridden by contrasts and differences, not merely an organic unity was established but also a unity of a spiritual kind by accentuating and merging of values all Europeans have in common. This was also made possible by Christianity whose ethos came to pervade a multiplicity of socio-cultural phenomena.


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Rev. Jacek Grzybowski: Astonishment, anger, community – the sources of European political philosophy


Astonishment, anger, community – the sources of European political philosophy REV. JACEK GRZYBOWSKI Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw (CSWU) The Faculty of Christian Philosophy Mythic narratives and the courage of questions Many historians of philosophy wonder when and how philosophical thought began. How did this genius which changed the face of Western civilization in an unprecedented way ever come to be? Countless analyses and monographs have been devoted to the subject. But in spite of this profusion of commen- taries, interpretations and controversies one thing remains indisputable – phi- losophy begins with questioning. Questions were what opened up the road to the intellectual journey which led the Greeks to Logos, to demythologized rationality that radically altered the way in which the world was perceived and understood. Discursive thought, especially the longing for a rational an- swer to the most fundamental of questions, the singular courage of the logos that wants to embrace” or „the singular courage of the logos, the deisre to embrace the world in an intelligible conception, is what distinguished the Greeks from all other contemporary civilizations. Władysław Stróżewski is right to have remarked that philosophy begins with astonishment buried deep within the soul, astonishment at the world, at its “being”, and with an unques- tionable, and compelling, widely felt “to be”, which requires a response . A world that causes a distinctive type of cognitive disquiet, concealed within the troubling question about the “not-I”, the “something” that lies beyond me and demands explanation.1 The history of...

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