Alleviating Poverty in Nigeria through the Improvement of the Labour Conditions in the Informal Economy
A Socio-ethical Enquiry
Professor Dr. Bernhard Emunds, Frankfurt am Main
CHAPTER FIVE Poverty Alleviation Strategies in International Discussions
Introduction Through out the history of human development, many programmes have been embarked upon in the fight against poverty. Each programme has sought to reduce the level of poverty either in the entire world or in a country or in a community or amongst a group of people. Just as the design of programmes varied from one another, so also are the focus and the strategies adopted. While some of them aimed at removing social and legal barriers, others focused on economic poverty or facilitating income growth among the poor. Spiritual purification, inculcation of moral uprightness, forced labour, quality social services (education, health etc), and income redistribution are however some other methods adopted over the years in combating the menace of poverty. How the phenomenon of poverty and its causes are understood in any giving epoch in history and in any part in the world have played a crucial role in the formulation of these anti-poverty programmes and in choosing any particular strategy or approach. In the search for a suitable framework or strategy for adapting the work-based guidelines for poverty alleviation offered by the Church through her social teaching, this chapter embarks on a chronological and systematic examination of various efforts that have been made at the international scene towards alleviating poverty. We have chosen a more or less historical approach stretching from the ancient times to the contemporary times. The examination of the various programmes and strategies will be done in three phases: the pre-industrialization era, the industrialization...
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