An Interdisciplinary Study
Edited By Sunday Paul Bako and Frank Olwari
Sustaining protein needs in sub-Saharan Africa through selected plant sources (Emanuel Uzoma Onweremdu) 11
SUSTAINING PROTEIN NEEDS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA THROUGH SELECTED PLANT SOURCES Emanuel Uzoma Onweremdu Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria Summary Sub-Sahara Africa is characterized by high fecundity rate, absolute poverty and food insecurity. The region depends largely on animal protein for its protein needs despite adverse nutritional health and environmental implications of such dependence. Potentials for non-animal sources of protein exist in the area known for a variety of plant types including legumes, cereals nuts and seeds, algae, fungi, fruits and vegetables. These non-animal protein sources also have medicinal, agricultural, socio-cultural and ecological values. A great many of small- and medium-scale industries can emerge using these non-animal protein sources as raw-materials. Improving the quality of their non-animal protein sources, a majority of which have anti-nutritional factors will go a long way in sustaining their usage by man as both main and side dishes in sub-Saharan Africa. Introduction Food and nutrition security remains African’s most fundamental challenges for human welfare and for economic growth for too many people on the sub- Saharan Africa continent traced to acquire and effectively utilize at all times the food they need for a healthy life. Sub-Saharan Africa is associated with a high population growth rate. Africa has contended with populated growth rates of 2.7 percent per year over the past forty years, compared with 2.0 percent in developing Asia and 2.2 percent in Latin America. Africa has to run faster than the rest of the developing world to keep up with its growing population. Currently,...
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