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Promoting Non-Animal Protein Sources in Sub-Saharan Africa

An Interdisciplinary Study

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Edited By Sunday Paul Bako and Frank Olwari

The research results point to the need of sustaining plant protein sources to large populations in sub-Saharan Africa that have no access to meat. Proteins are essential components of the human body and therefore indispensable for human life. Malnutrition and diseases are often caused because of the lack of sufficient proteins. Since animal sources of protein are out of reach to more than 85% of the people of sub-Saharan Africa, the challenge is to make protein otherwise accessible, available and affordable to the ordinary man. Owing to the influence of climate change and population explosion, the situation at discussion will exacerbate within the coming decade. Therefore non-animal protein must be brought into focus in order to prevent major diseases of malnutrition.

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Promotion of new non-animal protein products for the consumption of women and children in sub-Saharan Africa (M. A. Belewu and T. R. Fayeye) 44

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PROMOTION OF NEW NON-ANIMAL PROTEIN PRODUCTS FOR THE CONSUMPTION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA M. A. Belewu and T. R. Fayeye University of Ilorin, Nigeria Abstract Protein malnutrition remains the most critical form of malnutrition in sub- Saharan Africa. The output-driven intensive animal production techniques have been less successful in meeting the protein requirement when compared with other regions. There is also a more recent world-wide concern about Green House Emissions and global warming human health and environmental implications of intensive animal production. Paying attention to the nutrition of women and children through the promotion of cheaper, sustainable non-animal protein sources is essential to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 and the World Fit Children goal of reducing malnutrition among children under 5 years of age. Non-animal proteins such as soy milk, coconut milk, tigernut milk and their coagulation and fermented derivatives as well as the use of single cell proteins may help to ameliorate the present toll of women and children malnutrition in the subcontinent. There is, however, the need to address the safety issues, nutrient balance and consumer related concerns with the use of non-animal proteins. Introduction Protein malnutrition remains the most critical in sub-Saharan Africa where family diets are essentially calorie based. According to Potter and Hotchkiss (1995) many diseases have a nutritional component and lack of an adequate diet directly causes disease or contributes to an individual susceptibility to diseases especially among vulnerable groups (women, aged and children under 5 years). Malnutrition reduces...

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