An Interdisciplinary Study
Edited By Sunday Paul Bako and Frank Olwari
Promotion of new non-animal protein products for the consumption of women and children in sub-Saharan Africa (M. A. Belewu and T. R. Fayeye) 44
PROMOTION OF NEW NON-ANIMAL PROTEIN PRODUCTS FOR THE CONSUMPTION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA M. A. Belewu and T. R. Fayeye University of Ilorin, Nigeria Abstract Protein malnutrition remains the most critical form of malnutrition in sub- Saharan Africa. The output-driven intensive animal production techniques have been less successful in meeting the protein requirement when compared with other regions. There is also a more recent world-wide concern about Green House Emissions and global warming human health and environmental implications of intensive animal production. Paying attention to the nutrition of women and children through the promotion of cheaper, sustainable non-animal protein sources is essential to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 and the World Fit Children goal of reducing malnutrition among children under 5 years of age. Non-animal proteins such as soy milk, coconut milk, tigernut milk and their coagulation and fermented derivatives as well as the use of single cell proteins may help to ameliorate the present toll of women and children malnutrition in the subcontinent. There is, however, the need to address the safety issues, nutrient balance and consumer related concerns with the use of non-animal proteins. Introduction Protein malnutrition remains the most critical in sub-Saharan Africa where family diets are essentially calorie based. According to Potter and Hotchkiss (1995) many diseases have a nutritional component and lack of an adequate diet directly causes disease or contributes to an individual susceptibility to diseases especially among vulnerable groups (women, aged and children under 5 years). Malnutrition reduces...
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