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Promoting Non-Animal Protein Sources in Sub-Saharan Africa

An Interdisciplinary Study

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Edited By Sunday Paul Bako and Frank Olwari

The research results point to the need of sustaining plant protein sources to large populations in sub-Saharan Africa that have no access to meat. Proteins are essential components of the human body and therefore indispensable for human life. Malnutrition and diseases are often caused because of the lack of sufficient proteins. Since animal sources of protein are out of reach to more than 85% of the people of sub-Saharan Africa, the challenge is to make protein otherwise accessible, available and affordable to the ordinary man. Owing to the influence of climate change and population explosion, the situation at discussion will exacerbate within the coming decade. Therefore non-animal protein must be brought into focus in order to prevent major diseases of malnutrition.

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The legumes (soybeans) and other new non-animal protein products for human nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa (Izuchukwu Innocent Ibeawuchi) 58

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THE LEGUMES (SOY BEANS) AND OTHER NEW NON-ANIMAL PROTEIN PRODUCTS FOR HUMAN NUTRITION IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Izuchukwu Innocent Ibeawuchi Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria Abstract Apart from the animal proteins, the plants especially legumes have abundant protein content of which soybean is outstanding having more percentage than animals. However, the sulphur containing amino acids methionine and cystine are limiting in the proteins of the grain legumes. This limitation is made whole by combined use of cereal grain in the diet. Other vegetables, fruits and lesser known legumes have some quota of protein to complement in human nutrition. The people in sub-Saharan African must learn the production and utilization of plants rich in protein so as to live and maintain a healthy life. The women folks must be trained educationally, since they are the bedrock for the sustenance of human society. Keywords: Legumes, protein products, soy beans and other legumes and non- legumes plants. Introduction The hope for the future is in the hands of the smallholder farmers who reside in the rural areas and produce majority of our foods especially in sub-Saharan Africa. The multiplicity of issues shaping the future of sub-Saharan Africa food sources and its security nutritionally including the well-being of her people revolves around good food that is stuffed with protein. All these appear to be diverse, intense, dynamic and distinct as a result of low technology to realize the people’s objectives for food security. In fact, they are all a whole and threads of one...

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