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Legal Rules, Moral Norms and Democratic Principles

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Bartosz Wojciechowski, Piotr W. Juchacz and Karolina Cern

The book tackles significant problems that each historian of law faces in the light of present decline of philosophical, ethical and ideological canons in the overall context of western civilization. The issues discussed in the book manifest themselves in the question whether the «democratic turn» is a real or just a virtue one. Democracy generally means governance by the people – but who are the people? What kind of governance by the people can be claimed as democratic – all of the various types that exist or only a single, chosen one? What – if any – is the normative issue of such a governance? Democracy, after all, is not a simple descriptive model of governance; it is deeply rooted in our preferences and hence normative patterns of conduct, which are not yet to be understood as the norm but rather as founding principles. Democracy is a thoroughly normative model. It is always as constructed and uttered in the picture of life at the same time.

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Preface ......................................................................................................................... 7 Part I Moral and Legal Discourse in a Constitutional Democratic State Karolina M. Cern, Bartosz Wojciechowski, Postmetaphysical approach to moral autonomy and justification of the thesis of the necessary relations between the legal and moral discourse .................................................................. 11 Marco Antonio Oliveira de Azevedo, Commands and Claims ............................. 45 Maciej Pichlak, The Autonomy from Morality as a Moral Claim: on Some Paradox of Legal Positivism ................................................................................................ 73 Martin Škop, Legal Rules, Moral Norms and Arbitrariness ..................................... 95 Barbara Weber, Between Rationality (Habermas) and Sympathy (Rorty): Two Pragmatic Perspectives on Human Rights ........................................................... 111 Sebastian Sykuna, Jerzy Zajadło, Towards a New Theory of Hard Cases ............. 133 Massimo Leone, Citizens of a Lesser God – Religious Minorities and the Legal Discourse of Multi-Cultural Democracies: the Case of Canada ............................ 163 Part II Rights and Citizenship in the Legal Practice Marta Soniewicka, How Dangerous Can the Sterilized Needle Be? Torture, Terrorism, and the Self-Refutation of the Liberal-Democratic State ..................... 185 Paul Bouissac, The Legal Status of Animals: From Perpetrators of Wrongs to Victims of Abuses ................................................................................................. 213 Piotr W. Juchacz, Public Hearing: On the Dangers of Adversarial Participation ..... 225 José Manuel Aroso Linhares, Law in/as Literature as an alternative humanistic discourse. The Unavoidable Resistance to Legal Scientific Pragmatism or the Fertile Promise of a Communitas Without Law? ................................................. 257 6 Contents Leszek Leszczyński, Legal Certainty and Legal Discretion in the Statutory Legal Law .............................................................................................................. 283 Lin Yuchuan, Confucianism and the Localization of Chinese Political Democracy .... 299 Agnieszka Choduń, Influence of Internationalisms on communicativeness of legal discourse ....................................................................................................... 319 Appendix Romina Amicolo, Legal...

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