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A Model of Human Motivation for Sociology


Jacob Alsted

Many macro-sociologists have insufficient understanding of the roots of human motivation and this seriously hampers the effort to build theoretical models of society, social organisations and social change. The aim of this work is to remedy this deficiency. In this book, a model of motivation is constructed in order to demonstrate how it can improve our understanding of society. The aim here is an integration of concepts from psychology and sociology. Furthermore, it is the aim to clearly demonstrate that such a model adds new insights to our understanding of society. It can enrich key concepts used for analysis of meso- and macro-level phenomena. The author argues that the model of motivation can increase our understanding of, on the macro-level, the history of the state and, on the meso-level, dynamics in organisations.


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List of Figures 11


List of Figures 1. The Structure of the Book I 17 2. Differences Between Realist and Non-Realist Positions I 22 3· The Agent- Structure Relation I 25 4· The D-D-L-S Model I 37 5· Connections Between Leontjev's Concepts I 74 6. Maslow's Depiction of the Relation Between Safety and Growth I 81 7· The Basic Forms of Anxiety I 86 8. The Ford and Nichols Taxonomy of Human Goals I 90 9· The Basic Forms of Joy of Life I 92 10. The Complex Motivational Basis of Man I 93 n. Freud's Structural Model I 95 12. Jung' s Structural Model of the Psyche I 97 13. The Motivational Antinomies of the Psyche I 100 14. Kernberg's and Brenner's View on the Basic Psychic Unit I 103 15. The Id I 108 16. The Superego I III 17. The Ego and Its Relation to the Id and the Superego I II2 18. The Psyche with an Ego of Average Strength I 126 19. The Psyche with a Strong Ego I 129 20. Connections Between Motivational Goals and Relationship Functions I 140 21. Connections Between Function of Structure, Motivational Goals and Opportunities I 141 22. Relations Between Micro, Meso and Macro Levels I 149 23. The Group and Its Relation to Other Systems I 151 12. A Model of Human Motivation for Sociology 24. Society and Its Relation to Other Systems I 154 25. The Main Argument of Chapter 5 I 156 26. Relation Between Results and Collective Psychological Defences I...

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