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Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages- Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre and Carmen Fernández Juncal

This volume commemorates the 20 th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries» published in 1992. The main focus of this volume is the exploration of linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties and the discovery of the ways in which different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their desire to adhere to a common language. Another central focus is the way in which the norms of languages, and in particular those of non-dominant varieties of pluricentric languages, can be standardized or how given standards can be changed. The papers show that the state of standardization in pluricentric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ between varieties of the same language.
El libro conmemora el vigésimo aniversario del influyente volumen publicado por Michael Clyne en 1992, «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries». El objetivo principal consiste en «explorar estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes» e indagar cómo las diferentes comunidades lingüísticas reconcilian la pretensión de expresar su propia identidad nacional, social y personal a través del lenguaje con su mismo deseo de adherencia a una lengua común. Otra cuestión central atiende a la manera en que las normas lingüísticas y, en particular, las normas de las variedades lingüísticas de lenguas pluricéntricas pueden convertirse en estándares o cómo los estándares establecidos pueden ser modificados. Los diversos artículos muestran que la situación y el grado de estandarización en las diversas lenguas pluricéntricas pueden diferir en gran manera entre las distintas lenguas y entre variedades diferentes de una misma lengua.

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Preface

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This volume comprises a selection of 32 papers that were presented at the “2nd International Conference on Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Lan- guages” which was organized by the “Working Group on Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages” and was held in Salamanca (Spain) from July 11-13, 2012. The conference was also held to commemorate the 20th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume “Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries” which was first published in 1992. The main topic of this second volume is to “explore linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties” and to find out how different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their other wish to adhere to a common lan- guage. A central question that is also dealt with is how the norms of languages and in particular of varieties of pluricentric languages can be standardized or given standards be changed. The standardization of non-dominant varieties is often im- peded by linguistic and social pressure from dominant varieties not to “build away” their norms too far from the common core and to avoid a split of the language. The papers in this volume show that the state of standardization in pluricen- tric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ be- tween varieties of the same language. Some languages like Spanish, Portuguese and French have language academies that regulate the norm (including the one of non- dominant varieties) in a more or less centralization...

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