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Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages- Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas


Edited By Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre and Carmen Fernández Juncal

This volume commemorates the 20 th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries» published in 1992. The main focus of this volume is the exploration of linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties and the discovery of the ways in which different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their desire to adhere to a common language. Another central focus is the way in which the norms of languages, and in particular those of non-dominant varieties of pluricentric languages, can be standardized or how given standards can be changed. The papers show that the state of standardization in pluricentric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ between varieties of the same language.
El libro conmemora el vigésimo aniversario del influyente volumen publicado por Michael Clyne en 1992, «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries». El objetivo principal consiste en «explorar estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes» e indagar cómo las diferentes comunidades lingüísticas reconcilian la pretensión de expresar su propia identidad nacional, social y personal a través del lenguaje con su mismo deseo de adherencia a una lengua común. Otra cuestión central atiende a la manera en que las normas lingüísticas y, en particular, las normas de las variedades lingüísticas de lenguas pluricéntricas pueden convertirse en estándares o cómo los estándares establecidos pueden ser modificados. Los diversos artículos muestran que la situación y el grado de estandarización en las diversas lenguas pluricéntricas pueden diferir en gran manera entre las distintas lenguas y entre variedades diferentes de una misma lengua.


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Edgar W. SCHNEIDER:The pluricentricity of English today – and how about non-dominant varieties?


In: Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre, Carmen Fernández Juncal, Klaus Zimmermann, Emilio Prieto, Natividad Hernández (eds.) (2013): Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages / Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 45-54. Edgar W. SCHNEIDER (University of Regensburg, Germany) The pluricentricity of English today – and how about non-dominant varieties? Abstract Against the backdrop of English having become the world's dominant language, with new varieties emerging in many countries and old ones changing their status, this article asks how "pluricentricity" can be de- fined in such a context, which varieties of English, on a global scale, can be regarded as regional epicenters with a model role in their respective areas, how all of this relates to the issue of non-dominance, and how nonstandard varieties position themselves as opposed to dominant ones and in many instances have been gaining in acceptance. 1. Introduction: Some undisputed baseline facts There is no question that English is the world's leading global language today. Its speaker numbers have been estimated to be as high as close to two billion speak- ers, and to have increased from about one fifth to roughly one third of the world's population within just one generation (Crystal 2008). In more than one hundred countries on almost all continents, most notably in Africa and Asia, the language en- joy some special status as an official, quasi-official or national language (for lists...

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