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Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages- Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre and Carmen Fernández Juncal

This volume commemorates the 20 th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries» published in 1992. The main focus of this volume is the exploration of linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties and the discovery of the ways in which different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their desire to adhere to a common language. Another central focus is the way in which the norms of languages, and in particular those of non-dominant varieties of pluricentric languages, can be standardized or how given standards can be changed. The papers show that the state of standardization in pluricentric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ between varieties of the same language.
El libro conmemora el vigésimo aniversario del influyente volumen publicado por Michael Clyne en 1992, «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries». El objetivo principal consiste en «explorar estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes» e indagar cómo las diferentes comunidades lingüísticas reconcilian la pretensión de expresar su propia identidad nacional, social y personal a través del lenguaje con su mismo deseo de adherencia a una lengua común. Otra cuestión central atiende a la manera en que las normas lingüísticas y, en particular, las normas de las variedades lingüísticas de lenguas pluricéntricas pueden convertirse en estándares o cómo los estándares establecidos pueden ser modificados. Los diversos artículos muestran que la situación y el grado de estandarización en las diversas lenguas pluricéntricas pueden diferir en gran manera entre las distintas lenguas y entre variedades diferentes de una misma lengua.

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Klaus ZIMMERMANN: El papel de los diccionarios diferenciales y contrastivos en la estandarización de variedades nacionales en un español pluricéntrico

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In: Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre, Carmen Fernández Juncal, Klaus Zimmermann, Emilio Prieto, Natividad Hernández (eds.) (2013): Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages / Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de len- guas pluricéntricas. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 99-114. Klaus ZIMMERMANN (Universität Bremen, Alemania) kzimmermann@uni-bremen.de El papel de los diccionarios diferenciales y contrastivos en la estandarización de variedades nacionales en un español pluricéntrico1 Abstract In this essay the author analyses the character of differential and contras- tive dictionaries in the Spanish-speaking world, which is characterized by the existence of a network of language academies, the original language academy being in Spain with ideologically and organizationally dependent ones in the other countries. A short critical analysis is given of the domi- nance of the Spanish Royal Academy, its monocentric view of the varieties of Spanish, and the emancipation process of the academies under its influ- ence in Spanish America. One of the monocentric outcomes is the strong conception of Americanisms and the elaboration of only differential dic- tionaries, such as the recent Diccionario de americanismos and Diccionario de mexicanismos. The last years of the 20st century have witnessed the emer- gence of growing demands for a new pluricentric view of the Spanish lan- guage worldwide. Recent publications in the lexical field show that there is a contradictory discourse and that differential and contrastive dictionaries are counterproductive to what is required for standarddization of...

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