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Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages- Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas

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Edited By Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre and Carmen Fernández Juncal

This volume commemorates the 20 th anniversary of Michael Clyne’s seminal volume «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries» published in 1992. The main focus of this volume is the exploration of linguistic standards in non-dominant varieties and the discovery of the ways in which different language communities of non-dominant varieties reconcile their wish to express their national, social and personal identity via language with their desire to adhere to a common language. Another central focus is the way in which the norms of languages, and in particular those of non-dominant varieties of pluricentric languages, can be standardized or how given standards can be changed. The papers show that the state of standardization in pluricentric languages may differ strongly from language to language and also differ between varieties of the same language.
El libro conmemora el vigésimo aniversario del influyente volumen publicado por Michael Clyne en 1992, «Pluricentric languages. Differing norms in different countries». El objetivo principal consiste en «explorar estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes» e indagar cómo las diferentes comunidades lingüísticas reconcilian la pretensión de expresar su propia identidad nacional, social y personal a través del lenguaje con su mismo deseo de adherencia a una lengua común. Otra cuestión central atiende a la manera en que las normas lingüísticas y, en particular, las normas de las variedades lingüísticas de lenguas pluricéntricas pueden convertirse en estándares o cómo los estándares establecidos pueden ser modificados. Los diversos artículos muestran que la situación y el grado de estandarización en las diversas lenguas pluricéntricas pueden diferir en gran manera entre las distintas lenguas y entre variedades diferentes de una misma lengua.

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Andoni BARREÑA: El euskara estándar y la variedad occidental: aproximación a la disponibilidad léxica de jóvenes vascohablantes occidentales

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In: Rudolf Muhr, Carla Amorós Negre, Carmen Fernández Juncal, Klaus Zimmermann, Emilio Prieto, Natividad Hernández (eds.) (2013): Exploring Linguistic Standards in Non-Dominant Varieties of Pluricentric Languages / Explorando estándares lingüísticos en variedades no dominantes de lenguas pluricéntricas. Wien et. al., Peter Lang Verlag. p. 201-214. Andoni BARREÑA (Universidad de Salamanca, España) andoni@usal.es El euskara estándar y la variedad occidental: aproximación a la disponibilidad léxica de jóvenes vascohablantes occidentales Abstract The Academy of the Basque Language, Euskaltzaindia, adopted its first deci- sions concerning standard Basque in 1968, Basque still being a marginalised and quasi-prohibited language. The autonomous governments of the Basque-speaking areas of Spain declared Basque co-official between 1979 and 1982, although by then standard Basque was already on its way towards normalisation. Basque is a spread-out language with a great variety of dia- lects in a reduced territory. The western and eastern dialects are those which differ most from standard Basque. This study contains an approach to the written lexical availability of young western Basque speakers who study in Basque, with the aim of analysing the origin of the terms included in their available lexicon. In the first place, an introduction to Basque, its dialects and its main sociolinguistic data is offered. Secondly, the principal data of the sample analysed are summarised. Finally, some conclusions for discussion are offered. 1. Introducción Aunque el euskara se habla a ambos lados de los Pirineos occidentales desde hace m...

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