Ritual, Exegetical and Linguistic Considerations on the "tantra</I>- and "prasaṅga</I>-Principles
The sources are Kalpasūtra, Vyākaraṇa and Mīmāṃsā, three textual traditions which developed alongside each other, sharing – as the volume shows – common presuppositions and methodologies. The book will be of interest for Sanskritists, scholars of ritual exegesis and of the history of linguistics.
Chapter 5 Conclusions
Function in absentia explained through spatial substitution instead of sequential disappearance The Śrautasūtra, Mīmāṃsā and Vyākaraṇa texts here analysed focus on two diﬀerent patterns of rule-extension, which account for the actual functioning of an element which appears to be absent. They register the absence of something in a spatial way, as the blank cell in a grid (representing the ritual space), whose blank value can be substituted through something else (see Kahrs 1998). An absence can be ﬁlled, i.e., a blank cell can be substituted by something else, in various ways, namely through tantra, prasaṅga, atideśa, pratinidhi, etc. All of them extend an element, which is already present in another part of the grid, to the blank cell. By contrast, Śrautasūtras, Mīmāṃsā and Vyākaraṇa never use a temporal explanation in order to justify the absence of an element. It is never said, e.g., that a fore-sacriﬁce, or its function, or a phoneme “disappeared”, and there is no trace of a temporal structure, with diachronic sequences instead of simultaneously present grids. Śrautasūtra, Mīmāṃsā and Vyākaraṇa: a common prehistory? Śrau- tasūtras, Mīmāṃsā and Vyākaraṇa often share same technical terms and com- parable devices. It is, however, often impossible to detect a single direction of borrowing/inﬂuence. Hence, rather than uni-directional borrowings, a com- mon prehistory should be postulated. Nevertheless, in the complex history of the usage of...
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